Rapid identification of bacterial antibiotic resistance by qPCR in infants with gram-negative septicaemia: a proof-of-concept study
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AbstractBackground: Neonatal sepsis remains an important cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Tools to rapidly predict antibiotic resistance in neonatal sepsis would be extremely valuable. Objectives: To develop quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) primer/probe sets that can rapidly detect antibiotic resistance genes common to a neonatal unit, and to investigate the feasibility of direct detection of antibiotic resistance genes in whole blood of infants with Gram-negative septicaemia without first isolating the organism. Methods: Primer/probe sets were designed to detect genes that produce aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes or extended-spectrum beta-lactamase. In phase 1, Gram-negative organisms isolated from neonatal clinical specimens within a 12-month period were analysed by qPCR to detect preselected genes. In phase 2, blood specimens of infants with Gram-negative septicaemia were subjected to qPCR analysis to detect antibiotic resistance genes for comparison against conventional antibiotic resistance profile results. Results: Two primer/probe sets showed promising diagnostic utilities for the prediction of antibiotic resistance; the diagnostic utilities (sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value) were 90.9, 96.4, 92.6 and 95.5%, respectively, for AAC3-2 [aac(3'-IIa/aacC3/aacC2, aac(3'-IIc/ aacC2] to detect gentamicin resistance, and 59.3, 99.3, 94.1 and 92.6%, respectively, for BLA-C1 (bla(CTX-M-9), bla(CTX-M-14), bla(CTX-M-24), bla(CTx)-(M-27)) to detect cephalosporin resistance. Twenty-six infants were tested in phase 2, and both gentamicin and cephalosporin resistance patterns were predicted with 100% sensitivity and 100% specificity by AAC3-2 and BLA-C1, respectively. Conclusions: qPCR with appropriately designed primer/probe sets can predict antibiotic resistance directly from neonatal blood, and it can substantially reduce the turnaround time for antibiotic resistance results.
All Author(s) ListLam HS, Chan KY, Ip M, Leung KT, Lo NW, Wong RP, Li K, Ng PC
Journal nameNeonatology
Volume Number111
Issue Number2
Pages145 - 152
LanguagesEnglish-United States
KeywordsAntibiotic resistance genes, Gram-negative bacteria, Infants, Late-onset sepsis, Polymerase chain reaction

Last updated on 2021-11-10 at 00:35