Efficiency of executive function: A two-generation cross-cultural comparison of samples from Hong Kong and the United Kingdom
Publication in refereed journal

替代計量分析
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其它資訊
摘要Although Asian preschoolers acquire executive functions (EFs) earlier than their Western counterparts, little is known about whether this advantage persists into later childhood and adulthood. To address this gap, in the current study we gave four computerized EF tasks (providing measures of inhibition, working memory, cognitive flexibility, and planning) to a large sample (n = 1,427) of 9- to 16-year-olds and their parents. All participants lived in either the United Kingdom or Hong Kong. Our findings highlight the importance of combining developmental and cultural perspectives and show both similarities and contrasts across sites. Specifically, adults’ EF performance did not differ between the two sites; age-related changes in executive function for both the children and the parents appeared to be culturally invariant, as did a modest intergenerational correlation. In contrast, school-age children and young adolescents in Hong Kong outperformed their United Kingdom counterparts on all four EF tasks, a difference consistent with previous findings from preschool children.
著者Michelle R. Ellefson, Florrie Fei-Yin Ng, Qian Wang, Claire Hughes
期刊名稱Psychological Science
出版年份2017
月份5
卷號28
期次5
出版社SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
頁次555 - 566
國際標準期刊號0956-7976
語言美式英語
關鍵詞executive functions, cross-cultural research, inhibition, working memory, cognitive flexibility, planning, open data, open materials

上次更新時間 2020-17-09 於 00:47