Input substitution, export pricing, and exchange rate policy
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AbstractThis paper develops a small open economy model with sticky prices to show why a flexible exchange rate policy is not desirable in East Asian emerging market economies. We argue that weak input substitution between local labor and import intermediates in traded good production and extensive use of foreign currency in export pricing in these economies can help to explain this puzzle. In the presence of these two trade features, the adjustment role of the exchange rate is inhibited, so even a flexible exchange rate cannot stabilize the real economy in face of external shocks. Instead, due to the high exchange rate pass-through, exchange rate changes will lead to instability in domestic inflation. As a result, a flexible exchange rate regime becomes less desirable. In a very limited parameter space, a fixed exchange rate can be superior to monetary policy rules with high exchange rate flexibility, such as non-traded good price targeting. In most cases, however, non-traded good price targeting still delivers higher welfare.
All Author(s) ListShi K., Xu J., Yin X.
Journal nameJournal of International Money and Finance
Volume Number51
PublisherPergamon Press Ltd.
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
Pages26 - 46
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsExchange rate flexibility, Export pricing, F3, F4, Input substitution, Welfare

Last updated on 2020-07-07 at 00:52