PH- and Thiol-Responsive BODIPY-Based Photosensitizers for Targeted Photodynamic Therapy
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AbstractA diiodo distyryl boron dipyrromethene (BODIPY) core was conjugated to two ferrocenyl quenchers through acid-labile ketal and/or thiol-cleavable disulfide linkers, of which the fluorescence and photosensitizing properties were significantly quenched through a photoinduced electron-transfer process. The two symmetrical analogues that contained either the ketal or disulfide linkers could only be activated by a single stimulus, whereas the unsymmetrical analogue was responsive to dual stimuli. Upon interaction with acid and/or dithiothreitol (DTT), these linkers were cleaved selectively. The separation of the BODIPY core and the ferrocenyl moieties restored the photoactivities of the former in phosphate buffered saline and inside the MCF-7 breast cancer cells, rendering these compounds as potential activable photosensitizers for targeted photodynamic therapy. The dual activable analogue exhibited the greatest enhancement in intracellular fluorescence intensity in both an acidic environment (pH 5) and the presence of DTT (4 mm). Its photocytotoxicity against MCF-7 cells also increased by about twofold upon preincubation with 4 mm of DTT. The activation of this compound was also demonstrated in nude mice bearing a HT29 human colorectal carcinoma. A significant increase in fluorescence intensity in the tumor was observed over 9 h after intratumoral injection.
All Author(s) ListJiang X.-J., Lau J.T.F., Wang Q., Ng D.K.P., Lo P.-C.
Journal nameChemistry - A European Journal
Volume Number22
Issue Number24
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
Pages8273 - 8281
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordscancer, imaging agents, photochemistry, photodynamic therapy, sensitizers

Last updated on 2021-22-09 at 23:47