Weakened cognitive empathy in individuals with dissociation proneness
Publication in refereed journal


摘要Objective: Dissociation proneness is a trait-like individual difference and a cardinal feature of trauma-related disorders. Dissociative symptoms have been associated with repeated exposure to aversive interpersonal contexts. While research has shown that dissociation proneness involves alterations in basic information processing, less attention has been brought to socio-cognitive processing. Here, a deficit in empathic abilities is hypothesized. Method: Ninety Dutch university students were selected with high, medium, or low dissociation proneness. A dissociation questionnaire and a behavioral task measuring both emotional and cognitive empathy were administered, as well as questionnaires on negative affect, emotional awareness, and parenting styles. Results: High dissociation proneness was significantly associated with lower accuracy rates on cognitive empathy, and this association could partly be explained by difficulties in emotional awareness and perceived parenting styles, but not by negative affect. No association was found between dissociation and emotional empathy. Conclusions: Weakened cognitive empathy appears to be a socio-cognitive attribute of dissociation proneness. Future research should study the impact of reduced empathy in dissociation on interpersonal interactions.
著者Chiu C.-D., Paesen L., Dziobek I., Tollenaar M.S.
期刊名稱Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology
出版社Guilford Publications Inc.
出版地United States
頁次425 - 436
關鍵詞Alexithymia, Dissociation, Empathy, Mind reading, Parenting style

上次更新時間 2021-03-12 於 00:45