The Potential of Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulation on Serial Monitoring of Hemodynamic Change in Type B Aortic Dissection
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AbstractPurpose: We aimed to assess the potential of computational fluid dynamics simulation (CFD) in detecting changes in pressure and flow velocity in response to morphological changes in type B aortic dissection. Materials and Methods: Pressure and velocity in four morphological models of type B aortic dissection before and after closure of the entry tear were calculated with CFD and analyzed for changes among the different scenarios. The control model (Model 1) was patient specific and built from the DICOM data of CTA, which bore one entry tear and three re-entry tears. Models 2–4 were modifications of Model 1, with two re-entry tears less in Model 2, one re-entry tear more in Model 3, and a larger entry tear in Model 4. Results: The pressure and velocity pertaining to each of the morphological models were unique. Changes in pressure and velocity findings were accountable by the changes in morphological features of the different models. There was no blood flow in the false lumen across the entry tear after its closure, the blood flow direction across the re-entry tears was reversed after closure of the entry tear. Conclusion: CFD simulation is probably useful to detect hemodynamic changes in the true and false lumens of type B aortic dissection in response to morphological changes, it may potentially be developed into a non-invasive and patient-specific tool for serial monitoring of hemodynamic changes of type B aortic dissection before and after treatment.
All Author(s) ListYu S.C.H., Liu W., Wong R.H.L., Underwood M., Wang D.
Journal nameCardioVascular and Interventional Radiology
Volume Number39
Issue Number8
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Place of PublicationGermany
Pages1090 - 1098
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsArtificial intelligence, Great vessel disease, Non-invasive blood pressure assessment

Last updated on 2021-02-03 at 03:00