Factors associated with diet barriers in patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes
Publication in refereed journal


Times Cited
Altmetrics Information
.

Other information
AbstractBackground: The study was conducted to investigate the diet barriers perceived by patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes and examine the associations between diet barriers and sociodemographic characteristics, medical condition, and patient-centered variables. Methods: Secondary subgroup analyses were conducted based on the responses of 246 adults with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes from a multicenter, cross-sectional study. Diet barriers were captured by the Diet Barriers subscale of the Personal Diabetes Questionnaire. Participants also completed validated measures of diet knowledge, empowerment level, and appraisal of diabetes. Multiple regression techniques were used for model building, with a hierarchical block design to determine the separate contribution of sociodemographic characteristics, medical condition, and patient-centered variables to diet barriers. Results: Diet barriers were moderately evident (2.23±0.86) among Chinese patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes. The feeling of deprivation as a result of complying with a diet was the most recognized diet barrier (3.24±1.98), followed by “eating away from home” (2.79±1.82). Significantly higher levels of diet barriers were observed among those with lower levels of diet knowledge (β=-0.282, P<0.001) and empowerment (β=-0.190, P=0.015), and more negative appraisal (β=0.225, P=0.003). Conclusion: Culturally tailored, patient-centered intervention programs that acknowledge individuals’ preferences and allow for flexibility in diet management should be launched. Interventions programs that could enhance diet knowledge, promote positive appraisal, and improve empowerment level might effectively address diet barriers perceived by patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes.
All Author(s) ListCheng L., Leung D.Y.-P., Sit J.W.-H., Li X.-M., Wu Y.-N., Yang M.-Y., Gao C.-X., Hui R.
Journal namePatient Preference and Adherence
Year2016
Month1
Day12
Volume Number10
PublisherDove Medical Press Ltd
Place of PublicationNew Zealand
Pages37 - 44
ISSN1177-889X
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsAppraisal, Diabetes, Diet barriers, Empowerment, Knowledge

Last updated on 2020-30-11 at 23:59