Intrarectal administration of mCRAMP-encoding plasmid reverses exacerbated colitis in Cnlp-/- mice
Publication in refereed journal

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摘要Cathelicidin is a pleiotropic host defense peptide secreted by epithelial and immune cells. Whether endogenous cathelicidin is protective against ulcerative colitis, however, is unclear. Here we sought to delineate the role of endogenous murine cathelicidin (mCRAMP) and the therapeutic efficacy of intrarectal administration of mCRAMP-encoding plasmid in ulcerative colitis using dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-challenged cathelicidin-knockout (Cnlp -/-) mice as a model. Cnlp-/- mice had more severe symptoms and mucosal disruption than the wild-type mice in response to DSS challenge. The tissue levels of interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis factor-α, myeloperoxidase activity and the number of apoptotic cells were increased in the colon of DSS-challenged Cnlp-/- mice. Moreover, mucus secretion and mucin gene expression were impaired in Cnlp-/- mice. All these abnormalities were reversed by the intrarectal administration of mCRAMP or mCRAMP-encoding plasmid. Taken together, endogenous cathelicidin may protect against ulcerative colitis through modulation of inflammation and mucus secretion. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.
著者Tai E.K.K., Wu W.K.K., Wang X.J., Wong H.P.S., Yu L., Li Z.J., Lee C.W., Wong C.C.M., Yu J., Sung J.J.Y., Gallo R.L., Cho C.H.
期刊名稱Gene Therapy
詳細描述To ORKTS: Updated this record and deleted duplication (P133544) on 24-Feb-2015.
出版年份2013
月份2
日期1
卷號20
期次2
出版社Nature Publishing Group
出版地United Kingdom
頁次187 - 193
國際標準期刊號0969-7128
語言英式英語
關鍵詞Antimicrobial peptide, Cathelicidin, IL-1, Mucin, TNF, Ulcerative colitis

上次更新時間 2020-26-11 於 02:32