Bioassay-guided isolation of neuroprotective compounds from uncaria rhynchophylla against beta-amyloid-induced neurotoxicity
Publication in refereed journal


摘要Uncaria rhynchophylla is a component herb of many Chinese herbal formulae for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. Previous study in our laboratory has demonstrated that an ethanol extract of Uncaria rhynchophylla ameliorated cognitive deficits in a mouse model of Alzheimers disease induced by D-galactose. However, the active ingredients of Uncaria rhynchophylla responsible for the anti-Alzheimers disease activity have not been identified. This study aims to identify the active ingredients of Uncaria rhynchophylla by a bioassay-guided fractionation approach and explore the acting mechanism of these active ingredients by using a well-established cellular model of Alzheimers disease, beta-amyloid- (A-) induced neurotoxicity in PC12 cells. The results showed that six alkaloids, namely, corynoxine, corynoxine B, corynoxeine, isorhynchophylline, isocorynoxeine, and rhynchophylline were isolated from the extract of Uncaria rhynchophylla. Among them, rhynchophylline and isorhynchophylline significantly decreased A-induced cell death, intracellular calcium overloading, and tau protein hyperphosphorylation in PC12 cells. These results suggest that rhynchophylline and isorhynchophylline are the major active ingredients responsible for the protective action of Uncaria rhynchophylla against A-induced neuronal toxicity, and their neuroprotective effect may be mediated, at least in part, by inhibiting intracellular calcium overloading and tau protein hyperphosphorylation. Copyright © 2012 Yan-Fang Xian et al.
著者Xian Y.-F., Lin Z.-X., Mao Q.-Q., Hu Z., Zhao M., Che C.-T., Ip S.-P.
期刊名稱Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
出版社Oxford University Press
出版地United Kingdom

上次更新時間 2021-19-02 於 00:15