A 5-D Large-Workspace Magnetic Localization and Actuation System Based on an Eye-in-Hand Magnetic Sensor Array and Mobile Coils
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AbstractSimultaneous magnetic localization and actuation in a human-scale workspace are challenging but essential for medical applications such as whole gastrointestinal (GI) tract monitoring and blood clot clearance in the leg. In this article, we propose a 5-D magnetic localization and actuation system that can track and actuate magnetic robots in a cylindrical workspace with a diameter of 500 mm. Based on the eye-in-hand configuration of the sensor array and the flexibility of the mobile electromagnetic manipulation system (mEMS), we realize a high localization accuracy in a large workspace with only 25 sensors. Moreover, we design an accurate magnetic field modeling method that can attenuate the electromagnets’ hysteresis and provide a precise actuation field estimation. Taking advantage of the mobile sensor array, we developed a signal-quality-based tracking strategy (STS) that could improve the localization performance by adjusting the movement of the sensor array. The effectiveness and advantages of the proposed methods are verified by simulations and experiments. Results show that the STS could decrease 25% position root-mean-square error (RMSE). The resulting position RMSE and orientation RMSE are 2.02 mm and 8.24∘ , respectively. We experimentally prove the viability of the proposed strategy by propelling a magnetic helical robot through a 400-mm long 3-D twisted silicone phantom.
Acceptance Date06/01/2023
All Author(s) ListZhang MQ, Yang LD, Zhang C, Yang ZX, Zhang L
Journal nameIEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
Year2023
Volume Number72
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Article number7501411
ISSN0018-9456
eISSN1557-9662
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsRobot sensing systems, Location awareness, Sensor arrays, Magnetic hysteresis, Robots, Magnetic field measurement, Magnetic resonance imaging, Magnetic actuation, magnetic localization, magnetic micro-robot, medical robotics
Web of Science Subject CategoriesEngineering, Electrical & Electronic;Instruments & Instrumentation;Engineering;Instruments & Instrumentation

Last updated on 2024-16-04 at 00:32