Auricular acupressure for smoking cessation: A pilot randomized controlled trial
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AbstractBackground: Many health hazards are related to smoking. Patients who wish to stop smoking often need assistance. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of auricular acupressure for smoking cessation and for the relief of withdrawal symptoms in habitual smokers. Design, Setting, Intervention, and Participants: A prospective, randomized, sham-controlled trial using auricular acupressure was conducted from November 2007 to March 2009 in 70 active smokers in Hong Kong. The active group (n=38) used Shenmen, Lung, Mouth, and Brain acupoints for 3 weeks. The sham group (n=32) used non-meridian points. The selected acupoints were stimulated with small hard beads fixed in place with adhesive tape. The enrolled participants were then followed up weekly for 3 weeks and for 3 months after acupressure treatment. Main Outcome Measures: Individual daily cigarette consumption, expiration test for carbon monoxide content, and cigarette withdrawal symptom scores were recorded. Results: At the end of the treatment, cigarette consumption significantly decreased in both groups (35.1% of the active group and 25.8% of the sham group reduced by 50% their daily consumption at 7 days posttreatment). The smoking cessation rate showed no significant difference between the active group and the sham group: 31.3% of the treated participants experienced a reduction of 50% of daily cigarette consumption. Only 17.5% of the participants showed a reduction of carbon monoxide expiration to levels less than 6 ppm (18.2% in the active group vs 16.7% in the sham group; P=.87). Three months after the study, 25 participants were interviewed by phone. Their mean (standard deviation [SD]) resumption of cigarettes compared with pretreatment was 9.17 (7.5) less in the active group compared with 3.5 (7.4) in the sham group (P=.07). There were no significant differences between groups in withdrawal symptoms and no reports of major adverse events in either group. Conclusions: Although the outcomes of this study failed to statistically confirm its efficacy, auricular acupressure was favored by many participants. Acupressure stimulation may not be as effective as needling acupuncture; however, acupressure is easy for the patient to manage. Because of the challenges of smoking cessation, acupressure might still be considered as an adjunctive method with nicotine substitution, pharmacotherapy, or psychotherapy. © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2010.
All Author(s) ListWing Y.-K., Lee A., Wong E.L.Y., Leung P.-C., Zhang L., Pang E.S.Y.
Journal nameMedical Acupuncture
Year2010
Month12
Day1
Volume Number22
Issue Number4
PublisherMary Ann Liebert Inc.
Place of PublicationUnited States
Pages265 - 271
ISSN1933-6586
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsAcupressure, Acupuncture, Randomized Controlled Trial, Smoking Cessation

Last updated on 2020-06-07 at 23:56