A preliminary study of the mechanism of nitrate-stimulated remarkable increase of rifamycin production in Amycolatopsis mediterranei U32 by RNA-seq
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AbstractBackground: Rifamycin is an important antibiotic for the treatment of infectious disease caused by Mycobacteria tuberculosis. It was found that in Amycolatopsis mediterranei U32, an industrial producer for rifamycin SV, supplementation of nitrate into the medium remarkably stimulated the yield of rifamycin SV. However, the molecular mechanism of this nitrate-mediated stimulation remains unknown. Results: In this study, RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) technology was employed for investigation of the genome-wide differential gene expression in U32 cultured with or without nitrate supplementation. In the presence of nitrate, U32 maintained a high transcriptional level of genes both located in the rifamycin biosynthetic cluster and involved in the biosynthesis of rifamycin precursors, including 3-amino-5-dihydroxybenzoic acid, malonyl-CoA and (S)-methylmalonyl-CoA. However, when nitrate was omitted from the medium, the transcription of these genes declined sharply during the transition from the mid-logarithmic phase to the early stationary phase. With these understandings, one may easily propose that nitrate stimulates the rifamycin SV production through increasing both the precursors supply and the enzymes for rifamycin biosynthesis. Conclusion: It is the first time to thoroughly illustrate the mechanism of the nitrate-mediated stimulation of rifamycin production at the transcriptional level, which may facilitate improvement of the industrial production of rifamycin SV, e.g. through optimizing the global rifamycin biosynthetic pathways on the basis of RNA-seq data.
All Author(s) ListShao Z., Ren S.X., Liu X., Xu J., Yan H., Zhao G.P., Wang J.
Journal nameMicrobial Cell Factories
Volume Number14
Issue Number1
PublisherBioMed Central
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsAmycolatopsis mediterranei, Nitrate, Rifamycin SV, RNA-seq, Transcriptome

Last updated on 2021-15-01 at 00:48