Observation of a giant two-dimensional band-piezoelectric effect on biaxial-strained graphene
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AbstractPiezoelectric materials used in the development of nanoscale mechanical sensors, actuators and energy harvesters have received much attention. More recently, devices made of graphene are of particular interest because of graphene's intriguing electronic and mechanical properties. Intrinsic graphene has long been considered devoid of the piezoelectric effect, although flexoelectricity has been exploited to demonstrate piezoelectricity in functionalized graphene and graphene nanoribbons. The perceived lack of this property has restricted graphene's use in nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) for electromechanical coupling purposes. Here an unprecedented two-dimensional (2D) piezoelectric effect on a strained/unstrained graphene junction is reported. In stark contrast to the bulk piezoelectric effect that results from the occurrence of electric dipole moments in solids, the 2D piezoelectric effect arises from the charge transfer along a work function gradient introduced by the biaxial-strainengineered band structure. The observed effect, termed the band-piezoelectric effect, exhibits an enormous magnitude due to the ultrathin structure of graphene. On the basis of the band-piezoelectric effect, a graphene nanogenerator and a pressure gauge were fabricated. The results not only provide a versatile NEMS platform for sensing, actuating and energy harvesting, but also pave the way for efficiently modulating graphene via strain engineering.
All Author(s) ListWang X., Tian H., Xie W., Shu Y., Mi W.-T., Mohammad M.A., Xie Q.-Y., Yang Y., Xu J.-B., Ren T.-L.
Volume Number7
Issue Number1
PublisherNature Publishing Group
Place of PublicationUnited States
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom

Last updated on 2020-25-09 at 14:49