Lengthening and shortening of plasma DNA in hepatocellular carcinoma patients
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AbstractThe analysis of tumor-derived circulating cell-free DNA opens up new possibilities for performing liquid biopsies for the assessment of solid tumors. Although its clinical potential has been increasingly recognized, many aspects of the biological characteristics of tumor-derived cell-free DNA remain unclear. With respect to the size profile of such plasma DNA molecules, a number of studies reported the finding of increased integrity of tumor-derived plasma DNA, whereas others found evidence to suggest that plasma DNA molecules released by tumors might be shorter. Here, we performed a detailed analysis of the size profiles of plasma DNA in 90 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, 67 with chronic hepatitis B, 36 with hepatitis B-associated cirrhosis, and 32 healthy controls. We used massively parallel sequencing to achieve plasma DNA size measurement at single-base resolution and in a genome-wide manner. Tumor-derived plasma DNA molecules were further identified with the use of chromosome arm-level z-score analysis (CAZA), which facilitated the studying of their specific size profiles. We showed that populations of aberrantly short and long DNA molecules existed in the plasma of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. The short ones preferentially carried the tumor-associated copy number aberrations. We further showed that there were elevated amounts of plasma mitochondrial DNA in the plasma of hepatocellular carcinoma patients. Such molecules were much shorter than the nuclear DNA in plasma. These results have improved our understanding of the size profile of tumor-derived circulating cell-free DNA and might further enhance our ability to use plasma DNA as a molecular diagnostic tool.
All Author(s) ListPeiyong Jiang, Carol W. M. Chan, K. C. Allen Chan, Suk Hang Cheng, John Wong, Vincent Wai-Sun Wong, Grace L. H. Wong, Stephen L. Chan, Tony S. K. Mok, Henry L. Y. Chan, Paul B. S. Lai, Rossa W. K. Chiu, Y. M. Dennis Lo
Journal nameProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Year2015
Month3
Day17
Volume Number112
Issue Number11
PublisherNational Academy of Sciences
Place of PublicationUnited States
PagesE1317 - E1325
ISSN0027-8424
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsCirculating tumor DNA, Liquid biopsy, Massively parallel sequencing, Mitochondrial DNA, Tumor markers

Last updated on 2020-27-10 at 02:54