Positive Effect of Social Work- Related Values on Work Outcomes: The Moderating Role of Age and Work Situation
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AbstractObjectives. This study investigated the effect of social work—related values on job performance through job satisfaction and tested whether age and work situation would moderate such associations.
Methods. This study consists of two parts: Part 1 is a cross-sectional survey among 299 Chinese clerical employees aged 19–60 years and Part 2 is a 14-day experience sampling study in a subsample of Part 1 (N = 67).
Results and Discussion. Part 1 revealed that age moderated the effect of social work—related values on job performance through job satisfaction, with a stronger positive effect in older workers than in younger workers. Part 2 demonstrated that the moderating effect of age shown in Part 1 also varied across work situations. In particular, holding momentary social work—related values was beneficial to the task performance of older workers, and the effect was significantly stronger when they were in social situations than in nonsocial situations, whereas the effect remained weak among younger workers regardless of work context. Moreover, the moderating effect of age could be accounted for by future time perspective. This study supports socioemotional selectivity theory that goal orientation shifts toward the emphasis of interpersonal closeness when one perceives future time as increasingly limited.
All Author(s) ListYeung D.Y., Fung H.H., Chan D.K.-S.
Journal nameJournals of Gerontology, Series B
Volume Number70
Issue Number2
PublisherOxford University Press (OUP)
Place of PublicationUnited States
Pages233 - 244
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsExperience sampling study, Future time perspective, Momentary task performance, related values, Social work, Work situations

Last updated on 2020-19-11 at 00:15