Factors associated with false-positive and false-negative fecal immunochemical test results for colorectal cancer screening
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AbstractBackground: Certain subgroups have higher rates of false fecal immunochemical test (FIT) results, yet few studies have addressed this topic. Objective: To identify demographic factors associated with false-positive and false-negative FIT results in colorectal cancer screening. Design: Retrospective database review of prospectively collected data. Setting: A bowel cancer screening center in Hong Kong invited participants for colorectal cancer screening (2008-2012). Patients: Study participants who underwent both FIT and colonoscopy in the first year (n = 4482) and underwent colonoscopy after negative FIT results for 3 consecutive years (n = 857). Main Outcome Measurements: The diagnostic accuracy and predictive values of FIT according to participant characteristics. Results: The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive values, and negative predictive values for advanced neoplasia were 33.1%, 91.9%, 19.0%, and 96.0%, respectively. Participants 66 to 70 years of age had higher sensitivity, whereas older age, smoking, and use of aspirin/nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs were associated with lower specificity. The rates of false-positive and false-negative results were 8.1% and 66.9%, respectively. Older age (66-70 years; adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 1.95; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.35-2.81; P < .001), smoking (AOR 1.68; 95% CI, 1.08-2.61; P = .020), and the presence of polypoid adenoma (AOR 1.71; 95% CI, 1.14-2.57; P = .009) were associated with false-positive results. Younger participants (AOR for elderly participants 0.31) and the use of aspirin/nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (AOR 4.44) in participants with 1 FIT with negative results and the absence of high-grade dysplasia (AOR for presence 0.41) were associated with false-negative results. Limitations: Self-referred participants who received one type of qualitative FIT. Conclusion: These findings could be used to target screening more toward those with a higher risk of false-negative results and those with a lower risk of false-positive results for earlier colonoscopy.
All Author(s) ListWong M.C.S., Ching J.Y.L., Chan V.C.W., Lam T.Y.T., Luk A.K.C., Ng S.S.M., Sung J.J.Y.
Journal nameGastrointestinal Endoscopy
Volume Number81
Issue Number3
PublisherMosby Inc.
Place of PublicationUnited States
Pages596 - 607
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom

Last updated on 2021-20-09 at 00:06