Natural history of primary snoring in school-aged children: A 4-year follow-up study
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AbstractBackground: The objective of this study was to examine the natural history of childhood primary snoring (PS) and to identify predictive clinical symptoms and risk factors associated with PS progression to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Methods: Children aged 6 to 13 years old who received a diagnosis of PS in our previous communitybased OSA prevalence study were invited to undergo repeat polysomnography (PSG) at 4-year follow-up. Subjects with an obstructive apnea hypopnea index (OAHI) ≥ 1 were classified as having OSA at follow-up. Results: Seventy children (60% boys) with a mean age of 14.7 ± 1.8 years were analyzed in this follow-up study. The mean duration of follow-up was 4.6 ± 0.6 years. At follow-up, 26 subjects (37.1%) progressed to OSA, of whom five (7.1%) had moderate to severe disease (OAHI ≥ 5). Twenty-two (31.4%) remained at PS, and 18 (25.7%) had complete resolution of their snoring with normal PSG. Persistent snoring had a positive predictive value of 47.7% and a negative predictive value of 86.4% for progression from PS to OSA. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that persistent overweight/obesity was a significant risk factor for the development of OSA at follow-up, with an OR of 7.95 (95% CI, 1.43-44.09). Conclusions: More than one-third of school-aged children with PS progressed to OSA over a 4-year period, although only 7.1% developed moderate to severe disease. Weight control may be an important component in the management of PS because obesity was found to be a significant risk factor for PS progression. © 2013 American College of Chest Physicians.
All Author(s) ListLi A.M., Zhu Y., Au C.T., Lee D.L.Y., Ho C., Wing Y.K.
Journal nameChest
Year2013
Month1
Day1
Volume Number143
Issue Number3
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Place of PublicationUnited States
Pages729 - 735
ISSN0012-3692
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom

Last updated on 2020-16-09 at 02:15