Acoustic segment modeling with spectral clustering methods
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AbstractThis paper presents a study of spectral clustering-based approaches to acoustic segment modeling (ASM). ASM aims at finding the underlying phoneme-like speech units and building the corresponding acoustic models in the unsupervised setting, where no prior linguistic knowledge and manual transcriptions are available. A typical ASM process involves three stages, namely initial segmentation, segment labeling, and iterative modeling. This work focuses on the improvement of segment labeling. Specifically, we use posterior features as the segment representations, and apply spectral clustering algorithms on the posterior representations. We propose a Gaussian component clustering (GCC) approach and a segment clustering (SC) approach. GCC applies spectral clustering on a set of Gaussian components, and SC applies spectral clustering on a large number of speech segments. Moreover, to exploit the complementary information of different posterior representations, a multiview segment clustering (MSC) approach is proposed. MSC simultaneously utilizes multiple posterior representations to cluster speech segments. To address the computational problem of spectral clustering in dealing with large numbers of speech segments, we use inner product similarity graph and make reformulations to avoid the explicit computation of the affinity matrix and Laplacian matrix. We carried out two sets of experiments for evaluation. First, we evaluated the ASM accuracy on the OGI-MTS dataset, and it was shown that our approach could yield 18.7% relative purity improvement and 15.1% relative NMI improvement compared with the baseline approach. Second, we examined the performances of our approaches in the real application of zero-resource query-by-example spoken term detection on SWS2012 dataset, and it was shown that our approaches could provide consistent improvement on four different testing scenarios with three evaluation metrics.
All Author(s) ListWang H., Lee T., Leung C.-C., Ma B., Li H.
Journal nameIEEE/ACM Transactions on Audio, Speech and Language Processing
Year2015
Month1
Day1
Volume Number23
Issue Number2
PublisherIEEE Advancing Technology for Humanity
Place of PublicationUnited States
Pages264 - 277
ISSN2329-9290
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsAcoustic segment modeling, multiview segment clustering, sub-word unit discovery, unsupervised training, zero-resource query-by-example spoken term detection

Last updated on 2020-04-08 at 02:50