Sclerostin monoclonal antibody enhanced bone fracture healing in an open osteotomy model in rats
Publication in refereed journal


摘要Sclerostin is a negative regulator of bone formation. Sclerostin monoclonal antibody (Scl-Ab) treatment promoted bone healing in various animal models. To further evaluate the healing efficiency of Scl-Ab in osteotomy healing, we investigated the time course effects of systemic administration of Scl-Ab on fracture repair in rat femoral osteotomy model. A total of 120 six-month-old male SD rats were subjected to transverse osteotomy at the right femur mid-shaft. Rats were treated with vehicle or Scl-Ab treatment for 3, 6, or 9 weeks. Fracture healing was evaluated by radiography, micro-CT, micro-CT based angiography, 4-point bending mechanical test and histological assessment. Scl-Ab treatment resulted in significantly higher total mineralized callus volume fraction, BMD and enhanced neovascularization. Histologically, Scl-Ab treatment resulted in a significant reduction in fracture callus cartilage at week 6 and increase in bone volume at week 9, associated with a greater proportion of newly formed bone area at week 6 and 9 by fluorescence microscopy. Mechanical testing showed significantly higher ultimate load in Scl-Ab treatment group at week 6 and 9. This study has demonstrated that Scl-Ab treatment enhanced bone healing in a rat femoral osteotomy model, as reflected in increased bone formation, bone mass and bone strength. © 2014 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
著者Suen P.K., He Y.-X., Chow D.H.K., Huang L., Li C., Ke H.Z., Ominsky M.S., Qin L.
期刊名稱Journal of Orthopaedic Research
出版社Elsevier BV
頁次997 - 1005
關鍵詞fracture healing, osteotomy, sclerostin, sclerostin monoclonal antibody

上次更新時間 2023-11-12 於 00:07