Association of baseline Vitamin D levels with clinical parameters and treatment outcomes in chronic hepatitis B
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AbstractBackground & Aims The relationship between Vitamin D levels and chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection and treatment outcomes are poorly elucidated. We measured pre-treatment serum Vitamin D (25-hydroxyVitamin D3; 25[OH]D3) levels and determined their association with clinical parameters and treatment outcomes in active CHB patients without advanced liver disease enrolled in a global clinical trial. Methods Patients were randomly assigned to either 48 weeks of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) plus peginterferon alfa-2a (PegIFN), TDF plus PegIFN for 16 weeks followed by TDF for 32 weeks, PegIFN for 48 weeks, or TDF for 120 weeks. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to determine associations between Vitamin D, baseline factors, and week 48 clinical outcome. Results Of 737 patients, 35% had insufficient (≥20 but <31 ng/ml) and 58% had deficient (<20 ng/ml) Vitamin D levels. In univariate analysis, lower Vitamin D levels were significantly associated with the following baseline parameters: younger age, lower uric acid levels, HBeAg-positive status, lower calcium levels, blood draw in winter or autumn, and HBV genotype D. On multivariate analysis, only HBV genotype, season of blood draw, calcium level, and age retained their association. High baseline level of Vitamin D was associated with low HBV DNA, normal ALT and HBsAg at week 48 independent of treatment groups, but the association, with the exception of ALT, became statistically insignificant after adjusting for age, gender, HBeAg and HBV genotype. Conclusions Abnormally low Vitamin D levels are highly prevalent among untreated, active CHB patients. Baseline Vitamin D levels are not associated with treatment outcomes, but were associated with normal ALT.
All Author(s) ListChan H.L.-Y., Elkhashab M., Trinh H., Tak W.Y., Ma X., Chuang W.-L., Kim Y.J., Martins E.B., Lin L., Dinh P., Charuworn P., Foster G.R., Marcellin P.
Journal nameJournal of Hepatology
Volume Number63
Issue Number5
PublisherElsevier BV
Place of PublicationNetherlands
Pages1086 - 1092
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsHepatitis B, Seasonal variation, Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, Vitamin D deficiency

Last updated on 2020-01-12 at 01:05