Using RNA-seq data to evaluate reference genes suitable for gene expression studies in soybean
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AbstractDifferential gene expression profiles often provide important clues for gene functions. While reverse transcription quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) is an important tool, the validity of the results depends heavily on the choice of proper reference genes. In this study, we employed new and published RNA-sequencing (RNA-Seq) data-sets (26 sequencing libraries in total) to evaluate reference genes reported in previous soybean studies. In silico PCR showed that 13 out of 37 previously reported primer sets have multiple targets, and 4 of them have amplicons with different sizes. Using a probabilistic approach, we identified new and improved candidate reference genes. We further performed 2 validation tests (with 26 RNA samples) on 8 commonly used reference genes and 7 newly identified candidates, using RT-qPCR. In general, the new candidate reference genes exhibited more stable expression levels under the tested experimental conditions. The three newly identified candidate reference genes Bic-C2, F-boxprotein2, and VPS-like gave the best overall performance, together with the commonly used ELF1b. It is expected that the proposed probabilistic model could serve as an important tool to identify stable reference genes when more soybean RNA-Seq data from different growth stages and treatments are used. Copyright:
All Author(s) ListYim A.K.-Y., Wong J.W.-H., Ku Y.-S., Qin H., Chan T.-F., Lam H.-M.
Journal namePLoS ONE
Year2015
Month9
Day8
Volume Number10
Issue Number9
PublisherPublic Library of Science
Place of PublicationUnited States
ISSN1932-6203
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom

Last updated on 2020-06-08 at 01:47