SPP2 Mutations Cause Autosomal Dominant Retinitis Pigmentosa
Publication in refereed journal


摘要Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) shows progressive loss of photoreceptors involved with heterogeneous genetic background. Here, by exome sequencing and linkage analysis on a Chinese family with autosomal dominant RP, we identified a putative pathogenic variant, p.Gly97Arg, in the gene SPP2, of which expression was detected in multiple tissues including retina. The p.Gly97Arg was absent in 800 ethnically matched chromosomes and 1400 in-house exome dataset, and was located in the first of the two highly conserved disulfide bonded loop of secreted phosphoprotein 2 (Spp-24) encoded by SPP2. Overexpression of p.Gly97Arg and another signal peptide mutation, p.Gly29Asp, caused cellular retention of both endogenous wild type and exogenous mutants in vitro, and primarily affected rod photoreceptors in zebrafish mimicking cardinal feature of RP. Taken together, our data indicate that the two mutations of SPP2 have dominant negative effects and cellular accumulation of Spp-24 might be particularly toxic to photoreceptors and/or retinal pigment epithelium. SPP2 has a new role in retinal degeneration.
著者Liu Y., Chen X., Xu Q., Gao X., Tam P.O.S., Zhao K., Zhang X., Chen L.J., Jia W., Zhao Q., Vollrath D., Pang C.P., Zhao C.
期刊名稱Scientific Reports
詳細描述Article number: 14867 (2015).
出版社Nature Publishing Group
出版地United Kingdom

上次更新時間 2021-16-01 於 01:09