Advances in photocatalytic disinfection of bacteria: Development of photocatalysts and mechanisms
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AbstractPhotocatalysis has attracted worldwide attention due to its potential in solar energy conversion. As a "green" advanced oxidation technology, it has been extensively used for water disinfection and wastewater treatment. This article provides a review of the recent progress in solar energy-induced photocatalytic disinfection of bacteria, focusing on the development of highly efficient photocatalysts and their underlying mechanisms in bacterial inactivation. The photocatalysts are classified into TiO2-based and non-TiO2-based systems, as TiO2 is the most investigated photocatalyst. The synthesis methods, modification strategies, bacterial disinfection activities and mechanisms of different types of photocatalysts are reviewed in detail. Emphasis is given to the modified TiO2, including noble metal deposition, non-metal doping, dye sensitization and composite TiO2, along with typical non-TiO2-based photocatalysts for bacterial disinfection, including metal oxides, sulfides, bismuth metallates, graphene-based photocatalysts, carbon nitride-based photocatalysts and natural photocatalysts. A simple and versatile methodology by using a partition system combined with scavenging study is introduced to study the photocatalytic disinfection mechanisms in different photocatalytic systems. This review summarizes the current state of the work on photocatalytic disinfection of bacteria, and is expected to offer useful insights for the future development in the field.
All Author(s) ListWang W., Huang G., Yu J.C., Wong P.K.
Journal nameJournal of Environmental Sciences
Volume Number34
PublisherIOS Press
Place of PublicationNetherlands
Pages232 - 247
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsBacterial disinfection, Bismuth metallates, Disinfection mechanism, Partition system, Photocatalysis, TiO2

Last updated on 2021-03-05 at 23:46