Dietary flavones counteract phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-induced SREBP-2 processing in hepatic cells
Publication in refereed journal


摘要Consumption of fruits and vegetables is generally regarded as beneficial to plasma lipid profile. The mechanism by which the plant foods induce desirable lipid changes remains unclear. SREBP-2 is crucial in cholesterol metabolism, and it is a major regulator of the cholesterol biosynthesis enzyme HMGCR. Our lab has previously illustrated that apigenin and luteolin could attenuate the nuclear translocation of SREBP-2 through an AMPK-dependent pathway. In the present study, these two flavones were studied for their ability to deter the same in an AMPK-independent signaling route. The processing of SREBP-2 protein was promoted by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) in the hepatic cells WRL and HepG2, and the increased processing was reversed by apigenin or luteolin co-administration. EMSA results demonstrated that the PMA-induced DNA-binding activity was weakened by the flavones. The increased amount of nuclear SREBP-2 in cells was attenuated by the flavonoid as shown by immunocytochemical imaging. Quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assay demonstrated that the transcription of HMGCR under both flavone treatments was reduced. However, apigenin appeared to be stronger than luteolin in restraining PMA-induced HMGCR mRNA expression. Since PMA is a diacylglycerol analog, these findings might have some physiological implications.
著者Tan Yan Qin, Wong Tsz Yan, Lin Shu Mei, Leung Lai Kwok
期刊名稱Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
頁次163 - 172
關鍵詞Apigenin,Luteolin,PKC-dependent pathway,SREBP-2,HMGCR,Nuclear translocation
Web of Science 學科類別Cell Biology;Cell Biology

上次更新時間 2021-12-09 於 00:01