Applicability of first-trimester combined screening for fetal trisomy 21 in a resource-limited setting in mainland China
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AbstractObjective To assess the feasibility and performance of the first-trimester combined screening test for trisomy 21 in a resource-limited setting in mainland China. Design Prospective observational cohort study. Setting First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, China. Population Ten thousand four hundred and forty-two pregnant women requesting first-trimester screening. Methods The combined screening test was performed from May 2012 to December 2014. Women with a high-risk result (≥1:600) were offered further confirmatory tests after counselling. The threshold for high risk was determined by Monte Carlo simulation to achieve a 5% false-positive rate according to the local age distribution. Pregnancy outcome and screening results were recorded for all women and monthly audits were conducted. Main outcome measures Sensitivity, screen positive rate, cost per case of Down syndrome detected. Results Six hundred and ten women (5.8% of the total screened) had a high-risk screening test, of whom 274 (44.9%) underwent a diagnostic test and 169 (27.7%) opted for a noninvasive prenatal screening test (NIPT); 160 (26.2%) declined further testing after counselling. The pregnancy outcome was available for 10 174 (97.4%) of the women. The observed incidence of Down syndrome was 0.13% (1/750). All 14 women with a trisomy 21 pregnancy had a high-risk screening test result. The cost per Down syndrome detected was RMB596 686 compared with RMB1.79 million if all had been screened by NIPT. Conclusions The combined screening test appears to be a more cost-effective strategy in mainland China. Screening performance in China would be improved by adopting Chinese-specific models, external quality control and assurance, and establishing risk thresholds appropriate for the age distribution of the population. Tweetable abstract Combined first-trimester Downs screening in China was improved by adopting Chinese-specific models and external QC.
Acceptance Date26/02/2016
All Author(s) ListLi B, Sahota DS, Lao TT, Xu J, Hu SQ, Zhang L, Liu QY, Sun Q, Tang D, Ma RM
Journal nameBJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Volume Number123
Issue NumberS3
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
Pages23 - 29
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsChina, cost-effectiveness, Down syndrome, first-trimester screening, noninvasive prenatal testing, nuchal translucency, 中国, 唐氏综合征, 成本效益, 早孕期联合筛查, 非侵入性产前检测, 颈项透明层

Last updated on 2021-19-01 at 02:01