The “having verb-ed” Sentences in Oral English and Their Structural Parallels in Chinese
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香港中文大學研究人員
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摘要The “having verb-ed” structure as adverbial is one of the approaches to sequencing events, as is shown in (1), in which Tom turned off the radio is the antecedent event while Tom went out of his office is the subsequent event. A remarkable difference between (1) and (2) is that the sequence of events in (1) is not specified by conjunctions or adverbs such as before and after; it is derived from the structure.

The “having verb-ed” as an adverbial must be attached to a major clause instead of standing alone as a grammatically complete sentence in standard English. But we have noticed some “having verb-ed” sentences in oral English as in (3)-(6). In this paper, we first focus on the syntactic constraints and semantic properties of “having verb-ed” sentences, discussing the differences between “having verb-ed" sentences and “having verb-ed” adverbials. We show that the semantic relation between a “having verb-ed” adverbial and its major clause is basically temporal, and it depends for its interpretation of concessive/conditional/causal relation on the context. However, the non-basic relations cannot be syntactically specified in “having verb-ed” sentences, which results in the exclusively temporal interpretation in (6). We then relate the English “having verb-ed” sentences to Chinese imperative clauses end up with the sentence final particles (SFPs) derived from the durative aspect marker, arguing that they are structural parallels. We use the SFP to 55 “哆” in Chongqing dialect to illustrate the parallelism, with the examples in (4)-(5).
著者LIU, Zhiling
會議名稱The 5th Postgraduate Forum on Chinese Language and Literature (第五屆全國中文學科博士生學術論壇)
會議開始日26.09.2016
會議完結日29.09.2016
會議地點Guangzhou
會議國家/地區中國
出版年份2016
月份9
日期27
語言簡體中文
關鍵詞syntax, “having verb-ed” sentences, sentence final particles, clause relation, tense

上次更新時間 2018-18-01 於 08:33