Reversal of platinum drug resistance by the histone deacetylase inhibitor belinostat
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AbstractObjectives To investigate and elucidate the mechanism for the potentiation of cisplatin anticancer activity by belinostat in platinum (Pt)-resistant lung cancer cells. Materials and methods Combination of cisplatin and belinostat was investigated in two pairs of parental and cisplatin-resistant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines. The Pt-resistant cell models exhibited overexpression of the efflux transporter ABCC2 and enhanced DNA repair capacity. Cellular accumulation of cisplatin and extent of DNA platination were measured by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer. Expression of Pt transporters and DNA repair gene were determined by quantitative real-time PCR. Inhibition of ABCC2 transport activity was examined by flow cytometric assay. Regulation of ABCC2 at the promoter level was studied by chromatin immunoprecipitation assay. Results and conclusion In Pt-resistant lung cancer cells, belinostat apparently circumvent the resistance through inhibition of both ABCC2 and DNA repair-mediated mechanisms. The combination of belinostat and cisplatin were found to display synergistic cytotoxic effect in cisplatin-resistant lung cancer cell lines when the two drugs were added concomitantly or when belinostat was given before cisplatin. Upon the concomitant administration of belinostat, cellular accumulation of cisplatin and formation of DNA-Pt adducts were found to be increased whereas expression levels of the efflux transporter ABCC2 and the DNA repair gene ERCC1 were inhibited in Pt-resistant cells. Belinostat-mediated downregulation of ABCC2 was associated with an increase association of a transcriptional repressor (negative cofactor 2) but reduced association of a transcriptional activator (TFIIB) to the ABCC2 promoter. The data advocates the use of belinostat as a novel drug resistance reversal agent for use in combination cancer chemotherapeutic regimens.
Acceptance Date27/11/2016
All Author(s) ListKenneth Kin-Wah To, Wing-Sum Tong, Li-wu Fu
Journal nameLung Cancer
Year2017
Month1
Volume Number103
Pages58 - 65
ISSN0169-5002
eISSN1872-8332
LanguagesEnglish-United States
KeywordsBelinostat, Platinum anticancer drug, Drug resistance, Efflux transporters, DNA repair

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