Telmisartan Increases Systemic Exposure to Rosuvastatin after Single and Multiple Doses, and in Vitro Studies Show Telmisartan Inhibits ABCG2-mediated Transport of Rosuvastatin
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AbstractPurpose

The ATP-binding cassette transporter G2 (ABCG2) plays an important role in the disposition of rosuvastatin. Telmisartan, a selective angiotension-II type 1 (AT1) receptor blocker, inhibits the transport capacity of ABCG2, which may result in drug interactions. This study investigated the pharmacokinetic interaction between rosuvastatin and telmisartan and the potential mechanism.

Methods

In this two-phase fixed-order design study, healthy subjects received single doses of 10 mg rosuvastatin at baseline and after telmisartan 40 mg daily for 14 days. Patients with hyperlipidaemia who had been taking rosuvastatin 10 mg daily for at least 4 weeks were given telmisartan 40 mg daily for 14 days together with rosuvastatin. Plasma concentrations of rosuvastatin were measured over 24 h before and after telmisartan administration. In vitro experiments using a bidirectional transport assay were performed to investigate the involvement of ABCG2 in the interaction.

Results

Co-administration of telmisartan significantly increased the maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) and the area under the plasma concentration–time curve (AUC) of rosuvastatin by 71 and 26 %, respectively. The Tmax values were reduced after administration of telmisartan. There was no significant difference in the interaction of rosuvastatin with telmisartan between healthy volunteers and patients receiving long-term rosuvastatin therapy or among subjects with the different ABCG2 421 C>A genotypes. The in vitro experiment demonstrated that telmisartan inhibited ABCG2-mediated efflux of rosuvastatin.

Conclusion

This study demonstrated that telmisartan significantly increased the systemic exposure to rosuvastatin after single and multiple doses.
All Author(s) ListMiao Hu, Hon-Kit Lee, Kenneth K. W. To, Benny S. P. Fok, Siu-Kwan Wo, Chung-Shun Ho, Chun-Kwok Wong, Zhong Zuo, Thomas Y. K. Chan, Juliana C. N. Chan, Brian Tomlinson
Journal nameEuropean Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Year2016
Month12
Volume Number72
Issue Number12
PublisherSPRINGER HEIDELBERG
Pages1471 - 1478
ISSN0031-6970
LanguagesEnglish-United States
KeywordsABCG2, Drug interaction, Rosuvastatin,Telmisartan

Last updated on 2021-18-01 at 00:54