An institutional perspective of “Glocalization” in two Asian tigers: The “Structure-Agent-Strategy” of building an age-friendly city
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This paper expands the focal point of glocalization to the non-western context, and revisits glocalization

in light of the promulgation of an international policy regime. Particularly it examines how the politics of

scale in various contexts assists local pragmatic exercises and institutional organizations in building up

an age-friendly city (AFC). The functioning mechanisms of glocalization are conceptualized through a

triadic framework incorporating structure (mode of local governance), agents, and strategies. The

empirical cases examine how AFC has been promoted in Chiayi City of Taiwan and in Hong Kong, the

former two Tiger economies. Drawing on a comparative analysis of the two cases, the paper presents

three major findings. Firstly, local policy networks are integral to glocalization in that they govern how

different resources (i.e., political commitment, professional knowledge, human resources, communication

skills, and financial resources) are synthesized under a local institutional framework. Often local

policy networks reveal the fragmentation of resources provided by different stakeholders. Secondly, the

case study illustrates two different modes of local governance. The Chiayi case reflects an institutionalized

governing framework with both hierarchical coordination between levels of state bureaucracies

and the horizontal exchange of information and resources between the state and non-state sectors. Hong

Kong reflects a grassroots mode whereby the promotion and implementation of AFC initiatives are

prompted among NGOs, charities, district councils, and universities. Both modes reveal pros and cons.

Thirdly, academic associations have played a major role in promoting AFC, though the extent to which

their advice can shape policy decisions relies much on the discretion and political commitment of district


Acceptance Date03/12/2016
All Author(s) ListYi Sun, Tzu-Yuan Chao, Jean Woo, Doreen W.H. Au
Journal nameHabitat International
Volume Number59
Pages101 - 109
LanguagesEnglish-United States

Last updated on 2021-06-12 at 00:24