Cross-cultural adaptation of Chinese Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment—Achilles questionnaire for Achilles tendinopathy
Refereed conference paper presented and published in conference proceedings


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AbstractIntroduction: Achilles tendinopathy is a common overuse musculoskeletal condition. The Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment (VISA-A) is a patient-reported outcome for assessing symptom severity in patients with Achilles tendinopathy. It is a valid and reliable tool that has been used widely for measuring and monitoring treatment outcomes for Achilles tendinopathy. The results of VISA-A range between 0 and 100 points. The overall study objective is to adapt the VISA-A questionnaire cross-culturally and assess its reliability for Chinese-speaking individuals.

Methods: VISA-A was translated and adapted cross-culturally according to international guidelines for self-reported questionnaires. The orthopaedic surgeon, physiotherapist, and professional translator performed the five steps in creating Chinese VISA-A, including translation, synthesis, reverse translation, review, and pretesting. Healthy individuals (n=16), recreational athletes (n=14), and patients with Achilles tendinopathy (n=3) were recruited to assess the psychometric properties of Chinese VISA-A. All participants completed Chinese VISA-A twice.

Results: The mean Chinese VISA-A score in patients with Achilles tendinopathy was 69 (95% confidence interval (95% CI)=52-86). It was significantly lower than the healthy control score of 96 (95% CI=93-99). The overall test-retest reliability of Chinese VISA-A was good (ICC=0.90).

Discussion and Conclusion: Chinese VISA-A demonstrates good reliability for measuring symptom severity in patients with Achilles tendinopathy. Chinese VISA-A can assess Chinese-speaking patients with Achilles tendinopathy, both in research and clinical setting.
Acceptance Date06/11/2021
All Author(s) ListViolet Man Chi Ko, Ngo Nam Lau, Rachel Xiao Yu Wei, Ji Hong Qiu, Daniel Tik Pui Fong, Sai Chuen Fu, Patrick Shu Hang Yung, Samuel Ka Kin Ling
Name of ConferenceThe Hong Kong Orthopaedic Association 41st Annual Congress 2022
Start Date of Conference06/11/2021
End Date of Conference07/11/2021
Place of ConferenceHong Kong
Country/Region of ConferenceHong Kong
Proceedings TitleThe Hong Kong Orthopaedic Association 41st Annual Congress 2022
Year2021
Month11
Day6
Place of PublicationHong Kong
Pages23 - 23
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsAchilles Tendinopathy

Last updated on 2022-27-07 at 16:33