Protocadherin 17 functions as a tumor suppressor suppressing Wnt/beta-catenin signaling and cell metastasis and is frequently methylated in breast cancer
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摘要Protocadherins play important roles in the regulation of cell adhesion and signaling transduction. Aberrant expression of protocadherins has been shown to be associated with multiple tumorigenesis. We previously identified PCDH17, encoding protocadherin 17, as a frequently methylated and downregulated tumor suppressor gene (TSG) in gastric and colorectal cancers. Here, we examined the abnormalities and functions of PCDH17 in breast cancer pathogenesis. We used PCR and immunohistochemistry to check its expression pattern in breast tumor cell lines and primary tumors. Methylation-specific PCR (MSP) was applied to examine its promoter methylation status in breast tumor cell lines and primary tumors. The biological functions of PCDH17 in breast tumor cells were assessed using in vitro and in vivo assays. We found that PCDH17 was frequently downregulated or silenced in 78% (7/9) of breast tumor cell lines, as well as 89% (32/36) of primary tumors. Downregulation of PCDH17 in breast cancer was mainly due to the methylation of its promoter. Ectopic expression of PCDH17 in breast tumor cells inhibited cell proliferation and mobility through arresting cell cycle and inducing apoptosis. In breast tumor cells, PCDH17 significantly suppressed the active beta-catenin level and its downstream target gene expression. Thus, we found that PCDH17 functions as a tumor suppressor inhibiting Wnt/beta-catenin signaling and metastasis in breast cancer but is frequently methylated in primary tumors which could be a potential biomarker.
著者Yin XD, Xiang TX, Mu JH, Mao HT, Li LL, Huang X, Li CH, Feng YX, Luo XR, Wei YX, Peng WY, Ren GS, Tao Q
期刊名稱Oncotarget
出版年份2016
月份8
日期9
卷號7
期次32
出版社IMPACT JOURNALS LLC
頁次51720 - 51732
國際標準期刊號1949-2553
語言英式英語
關鍵詞beta-catenin; cancer; methylation; PCDH17; tumor suppressor
Web of Science 學科類別Cell Biology; Oncology

上次更新時間 2020-01-12 於 00:51