Expression of Antioxidant Molecules and Heat Shock Protein 27 in Thyroid Tumors
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AbstractOxidative stress-induced DNA damage is a known causing factor for many types of tumors, but information on the role of oxidants and antioxidants in thyroid tumors is limited. The aim of this study was to determine antioxidant levels in thyroid tumors. In this study, tumor and its matched non-tumor thyroid tissue samples were obtained from 53 patients with thyroid tumors. The levels of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), thioredoxin reductase 2 (TXNRD2), glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (Gpx), catalase (CAT), and 27kd heat-shock protein (hsp27) were determined in both thyroid tissue samples and cultured thyroid cells by immunohistochemical staining and western blot. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was used to generate oxidant stress in the cell culture experiments. We found that the levels of MnSOD, TXNRD2, GSH, Gpx, and Hsp27 were increased in both malignant and benign tumors, while the level of CAT was decreased. To verify the results of the tissue study, we treated cultured thyroid cells with H2O2 and found the same pattern of antioxidant changes. Hsp27 was also increased after H2O2 treatment. The expression of hsp27 was upregulated by 8.24-, 6.96-, and 3.09-fold in thyroid cancer, follicular adenoma, multinodular goiter, respectively. Collectively, our study demonstrated that the levels of hsp27 together with MnSOD, TXNRD2, GSH, and Gpx were significantly upregulated by H2O2 in thyroid tumors. The increase of these antioxidants is observed in both malignant and benign tumors, particularly in the former. The upregulation of antioxidants is likely a protective mechanism of tumor cells to maintain their survival and growth. J. Cell. Biochem. 117: 2473-2481, 2016. (c) 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
All Author(s) ListWang SS, Yang SC, Vlantis AC, Liu SYW, Ng EKW, Chan ABW, Wu J, Du J, Wei W, Liu XL, Liu ZM, Ng SK, van Hasselt CA, Tong MCF, Chen GG
Journal nameJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Year2016
Month11
Day1
Volume Number117
Issue Number11
PublisherWILEY-BLACKWELL
Pages2473 - 2481
ISSN0730-2312
eISSN1097-4644
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywords27kd HEAT-SHOCK PROTEIN; ANTIOXIDANTS; OXIDANTS; THYROID TUMORS
Web of Science Subject CategoriesBiochemistry & Molecular Biology; Cell Biology

Last updated on 2020-20-10 at 03:16