Numerical modelling of mean radiant temperature in high-density sub-tropical urban environment
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AbstractOutdoor thermal comfort has been a widely concerned issue in tropical and subtropical cities. In order to assess the conditions of outdoor thermal comfort, quantitative information on different spatial and temporal scales is required. This paper employs a numerical model (SOLWEIG - SOlar and LongWave Environmental Irradiance Geometry) to examine the spatial and temporal variations of mean radiant temperature (T-mrt), as an indicator of radiant heat load and outdoor heat stress in high-density subtropical urban environment in summer. The SOLWEIG model is found to simulate the six-directional shortwave and longwave radiation fluxes as well as T-mrt very well. Simulation results show that urban geometry plays an important role in intra-urban differences in summer daytime T-mrt. Open areas are generally warmer than surrounding narrow street canyons. Street canyons are sheltered from incoming direct solar radiation by shading of buildings while open areas are exposed to intense solar radiation, especially along the sunlit walls where high T-mrt is observed due to reflected short-wave radiation and long-wave radiation emitted from the sunlit building walls. The present study confirms that there are great potential in using urban geometry to mitigate high radiant heat load and daytime heat stress in the compacted urban environment. In high-density subtropical cities where high daytime T-mrt causes severe thermal discomfort in summer, dense urban structures are able to mitigate the extremely high T-mrt and improve outdoor thermal comfort. However, the shading strategy has to be cautious about air ventilation in such a dense urban environment. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
All Author(s) ListLau KKL, Ren C, Ho J, Ng E
Name of Conference3rd International Conference on Countermeasures to UHI (IC2UHI)
Start Date of Conference26/10/2014
End Date of Conference28/10/2014
Place of ConferenceVenice
Journal nameEnergy and Buildings
Year2016
Month2
Day15
Volume Number114
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Pages80 - 86
ISSN0378-7788
eISSN1872-6178
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsHigh-density; Mean radiant temperature; Radiant heat load; SOLWEIG; Sub-tropical
Web of Science Subject CategoriesConstruction & Building Technology; Energy & Fuels; Engineering; Engineering, Civil

Last updated on 2020-13-08 at 02:28