Understanding Walking Behavior among University Students Using Theory of Planned Behavior
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AbstractWalking has been shown to improve physical and mental well-being, yet insufficient walking among university students has been increasingly reported. This study aimed to understand walking behavior of university students using theory of planned behavior (TPB). We recruited 169 undergraduate students by university mass email of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, and first administered a salient belief elicitation survey, which was used to design the TPB questionnaire, to a subset of the study sample. Secondly, all participants completed the TPB questionnaire and walking-oriented diary in a two-day period in December 2012. We mapped the walking behavior data obtained from the diary using geographic information system, and examined the extent to which TPB constructs explained walking intentions and walking behavior using Structural equation model (SEM). We found perceived behavioral control to be the key determinant of walking intention. Shaped by participants' perceived behavioral control, attitude toward walking and subjective norms, and behavioral intention, in turn had a moderate explanatory effect on their walking behavior. In summary, our findings suggest that walking behavior among university students can be understood within the TPB framework, and could inform walking promotion interventions on the university campuses.
All Author(s) ListSun GB, Acheampong RA, Lin H, Pun VC
Journal nameInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume Number12
Issue Number11
PublisherMDPI AG
Pages13794 - 13806
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordsgeographic information system; Hong Kong; salient belief elicitation; theory of planned behavior; walking behavior; walking diary
Web of Science Subject CategoriesEnvironmental Sciences; Environmental Sciences & Ecology

Last updated on 2020-19-09 at 01:59