Probing the Role of Mobility in the Collective Motion of Nonequilibrium Systems
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AbstractBy systematically varying the mobility of self-propelled particles in a 2D lattice, we experimentally study the influence of particle mobility on system's collective motion. Our system is intrinsically nonequilibrium due to the lack of energy equipartition. By constructing the covariance matrix of spatial fluctuations and solving for its eigenmodes, we obtain the collective motions of the system with various magnitudes. Interestingly, our structurally ordered nonequilibrium system exhibits properties almost identical to disordered glassy systems under thermal equilibrium: the modes with large overall motions are spatially correlated and quasilocalized while the modes with small collective motions are highly localized, resembling the low-and high-frequency modes in glass. More surprisingly, a peak similar to the boson peak forms in our nonequilibrium system as the number of mobile particles increases, revealing the possible origin of the boson peak from a dynamic aspect. We further illustrate that the spatially correlated large-movement modes can be produced by the cooperation of highly active particles above a threshold fraction, while the localized small-movement modes can be created by adding individual inactive particles. Our study clarifies the role of mobility in collective motions, and further suggests a promising possibility of extending the powerful mode analysis approach to nonequilibrium systems.
All Author(s) ListShen HC, Tan P, Xu L
Journal namePhysical Review Letters
Volume Number116
Issue Number4
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Web of Science Subject CategoriesPhysics; Physics, Multidisciplinary

Last updated on 2021-22-09 at 02:07