Synthesis of a 3D hierarchical structure of gamma-AlO(OH)/Mg-Al-LDH/C and its performance in organic dyes and antibiotics adsorption
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AbstractWe demonstrated an efficient route to synthesize a novel 3D hierarchically porous superstructure composed of edge-to-face stacks of Mg-Al-layered double hydroxide nanosheets, directionally arranged gamma-AlO(OH) nanowires and amorphous carbon by a facile biotemplate method. Its derived metal oxides with similar morphologies and high porosity could also be obtained by carbon removal through hydrothermal treatment followed by calcination. Materials characterization confirmed that the obtained nanostructures had uniform accessible mesopores of similar to 2.7 nm, a high surface area of similar to 288 m(2) g(-1), and a large pore volume of similar to 0.66 cm(3) g(-1). The formation of Al(OH)(3) seeds, Mg/Al molar ratio and the pH value during the hydrothermal process played major roles in the formation of such 3D hierarchically porous structures. The as-synthesized sample exhibited ultrafast adsorption rates and high adsorption capacities in the removal of anionic dyes and antibiotics from aqueous solution. The maximum adsorption capacities of Mg-Al-LDH/gamma-AlO(OH)/C and its derived metal oxides towards minocycline (MC) and Congo Red (CR) were 302 and 447 mg g(-1), respectively. The adsorption process was well described by the Langmuir isotherm model and the pseudo second-order kinetic model. Electrostatic adsorption, ion exchange and pi-pi interactions were considered as the main adsorption mechanisms.
All Author(s) ListLi J, Zhang N, Ng DHL
Journal nameJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Year2015
Month1
Day1
Volume Number3
Issue Number42
PublisherROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Pages21106 - 21115
ISSN2050-7488
eISSN2050-7496
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Web of Science Subject CategoriesChemistry; Chemistry, Physical; Energy & Fuels; Materials Science; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary

Last updated on 2021-28-02 at 01:32