Development of a monoclonal antibody to 6 beta-hydroxycortisol and its application in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for 6 beta-hydroxycortisol in urine
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AbstractA novel monoclonal antibody to 6 beta-hydroxycortisol (6 beta-OHC) was generated and incorporated into an antigen-coated indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using 6 beta-OHC-protein conjugate as the steroid-coating antigen. The monoclonal antibody is specific to 6 beta-OHC and 6 beta-OHC-3-carboxymethyloxime. Cross-reactivity with other structurally related steroids such as cortisol, cortisone, and 6 beta-hydroxycortisone was less than 10%. Two different clones (clone 5C1 and 19F) of the monoclonal anti-6 beta-OHC antibody have been developed, each with slightly different sensitivity and specificity. The sensitivity of the MAb clones was not significantly improved when compared to the rabbit polyclonal antibodies in this study, but still within the accepted detection limit for 6 beta-OHC in both human and laboratory animals. The assay had a detection limit of 200 ng/ml, an intraassay variation of 6.4% and an interassay variation of 7.3%. The application of the anti-6 beta-OHC-MAb-based-ELISA was tested by measuring the urinary output of 6 beta-OHC in human before and after enzyme induction by rifampicin treatment. The mean 24-h urine output of 6 beta-OHC in human subjects was 485 +/- 100 mu g and 1478 +/- 281 mu g before and after rifampicin administration, respectively. In conclusion, the monoclonal anti-6 beta-OHC antibody developed in this study has the required specificity and sensitivity as an alternative method for measuring urinary 6 beta-OHC in the detection of enzyme induction or enzyme inhibition of CYP3A in humans and laboratory animals. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Inc.
All Author(s) ListYeung JHK, Wong JKL, Park BK
Journal nameJournal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
Volume Number38
Issue Number2
Pages71 - 79
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywords6 beta-hydroxycortisol; enzyme induction; enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); monoclonal antibody; urine
Web of Science Subject CategoriesPharmacology & Pharmacy; PHARMACOLOGY & PHARMACY; Toxicology; TOXICOLOGY

Last updated on 2020-23-10 at 02:06