Comparison of ondansetron and metoclopramide for the prevention of post-operative nausea and vomiting after major gynaecological surgery
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摘要The efficacy of ondansetron 4 mg was compared with metoclopramide 10 mg for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting in patients after major gynaecological abdominal surgery. Anaesthesia was standardized using thiopentone, atracurium and methadone for induction followed by isoflurane in nitrous oxide-oxygen mixture. Fifty patients were randomized in a double-blind fashion to either receive intravenous (i.v.) ondansetron 4 mg or metoclopramide 10 mg during closure of the pelvic peritoneum. The incidence and frequency of vomiting, and the incidence of severe nausea was recorded for 24 h after surgery. One patient was excluded because of respiratory depression. In the first 4 h after surgery, five patients (20%) in the ondansetron group (n = 25) and eight patients (33%) in the metoclopramide group (n = 24) vomited, whereas at 4-12 h, this increased to 11 patients (44%) and nine patients (37.5%) respectively. The incidence was 52 and 37.5% respectively in the subsequent 12-24 h. The highest incidence of nausea was in the first 4 h after surgery, being 56 and 37.5% in the ondansetron and the metoclopramide groups respectively. This decreased to less than 25% in both groups in the 12-24 h period. Ondansetron 4 mg and metoclopramide 10 mg had similar but short lasting efficacy for the prevention of vomiting in patients who received continued opioid analgesia after major gynaecological surgery.
著者Chen PP, Chui PT, Gin T
期刊名稱European Journal of Anaesthesiology
出版年份1996
月份9
日期1
卷號13
期次5
出版社BLACKWELL SCIENCE LTD
頁次485 - 491
國際標準期刊號0265-0215
語言英式英語
關鍵詞pharmacology, ondansetron, metoclopramide; vomiting, nausea, antiemetics
Web of Science 學科類別Anesthesiology; ANESTHESIOLOGY

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