Localisation of VIP- and CGRP-like substances in the skin and sinus hair follicles of various mammalian species
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AbstractUsing an ultrastructural postembedding immunogold technique, we demonstrated vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP)- and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-like immunoreactivity in the Merkel cell dense-cored granules of skin and sinus hair follicles of adult cat and dog. The VIP-like substance was located in cat Merkel cells while both VIP- and CGRP-like substances were colocalised in dog Merkel cells. In cat Merkel cells, the magnitude of labelling of VIP was qualitatively higher than in dog Merkel cells. In the dog Merkel cell, CGRP appeared as the most abundant peptide. Dense-cored granules were labelled for these peptides. In addition, mast cells encountered in the dermal region of dog skin were also found to be immunolabelled by VIP antiserum. The immunoreaction was found to be confined to the secretory granules of the cells. Furthermore, all non-myelinated nerve plexuses encountered in the dermal region of the skin and the sinus hair follicles of the various mammalian species studied were immunolabeled by CGRP antiserum. The specific location was again restricted to the dense-cored granules present in these nerves. As VIP and CGRP have potent vasodilatory effects, our observations suggest that Merkel cells may play a separate or synergistic role in regulatory functions of the skin neuroendocrine cell, exerting their influence by paracrine, endocrine and neurocrine pathways, or a combination of these. Different methodologies of double labelling with different sizes of gold particles are also discussed.
All Author(s) ListChengChew SB, Leung PY
Volume Number105
Issue Number6
Pages443 - 452
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Web of Science Subject CategoriesCell Biology; CELL BIOLOGY; Microscopy; MICROSCOPY

Last updated on 2021-15-01 at 00:33