Use of eyepatches in phototherapy: Effects on conjunctival bacterial pathogens and conjunctivitis
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摘要We conducted a randomized controlled trial to determine the effects of eye occlusion on the risk of eye infection in full term newborn infants receiving phototherapy. Among 102 infants whose eyes were occluded with eyepatches, pathogens were isolated from 50 eyes of 33 infants. The positive isolation rate was significantly higher than that of a group of control infants (n = 101) whose eyes were protected by a headbox made of light-proof plastics. Among the latter group pathogens were detected in 22 eyes of 14 infants. In addition significantly more infants in the eyepatches group had purulent eye discharge (23 of 102 vs. 9 of 101, P = 0.013) and clinical conjunctivitis (13 of 102 vs. 2 of 101, P = 0.004) than the controls. Proper eye care is imperative when eyepatches are used on infants receiving phototherapy, and alternative methods of eye protection should be considered.
著者Fok TF, Wong W, Cheng AFB
期刊名稱Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
出版年份1995
月份12
日期1
卷號14
期次12
出版社WILLIAMS & WILKINS
頁次1091 - 1094
國際標準期刊號0891-3668
語言英式英語
關鍵詞bacterial colonization; conjunctivitis; eyepatches; phototherapy
Web of Science 學科類別Immunology; IMMUNOLOGY; Infectious Diseases; INFECTIOUS DISEASES; Pediatrics; PEDIATRICS

上次更新時間 2020-16-10 於 02:54