CIRCULATING LEUKOCYTE-ENDOTHELIAL ADHESION MOLECULES IN IGA NEPHROPATHY
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AbstractThere is accumulating evidence that leukocyte-endothelial adhesion molecules are important in inflammatory injury in being involved in the primary step of entrapment and migration of leukocytes to the site of inflammation. We have used an antigen capture ELISA to measure the levels of circulating intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (cVCAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (cVCAM-1) and E selectin (cE selectin) in the peripheral blood of 33 patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN) during clinical quiescence and 24 healthy controls. The serum levels of cICAM-1 and E selectin in IgA-nephritic patients were not different from that of healthy controls but the cVCAM-1 level was significantly elevated in IgAN despite a lack of clinical activity (p=0.008). The differential rise of circulating leukocyte-endothelial adhesion molecules in IgAN probably reflects the origins and nature of these molecules as well as the specific immunological profile of IgAN. There was no correlation between the levels of these three circulating adhesion molecules. When the patients with IgA nephropathy were stratified according to the severity of their glomerular and interstitial lesions, there was an apparent increase in cE selectin and cVCAM-1 associated with increased histopathologic grading. The changes in endothelial adhesion molecules during clinical exacerbation were studied in 10 patients. Coinciding with synpharyngitic macrohematuria, there was a significant rise of cVCAM-1 and cE selectin (p=0.046 and p=0.016, respectively) but no similar rise was observed in cICAM-1. Though probably of limited diagnostic significance, our findings tend to support the role of T lymphocyte in the immunopathogenesis in IgAN and also indirectly reflect the active interaction between neutrophils/lymphocytes and vascular endothelial cells during the clinical exacerbation in IgAN.
All Author(s) ListLAI KN, WONG KC, LI PKT, LAI CKW, CHAN CHS, LUI SF, CHUI YL, HASKARD DO
Journal nameNephron
Year1994
Month11
Day1
Volume Number68
Issue Number3
PublisherKARGER
Pages294 - 300
ISSN0028-2766
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
KeywordsDISEASE ACTIVITY; E SELECTIN; IGA NEPHROPATHY; INTERCELLULAR ADHESION MOLECULE-1; VASCULAR CELL ADHESION MOLECULE-1
Web of Science Subject CategoriesUrology & Nephrology

Last updated on 2020-31-05 at 02:53