ADRENOCORTICAL FUNCTION AND INVOLVEMENT IN HIGH-RISK CASES OF PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS
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摘要Setting: A regional hospital in Hong Kong. Objective: To evaluate adrenocortical function in older patients admitted to hospital with active pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and to determine whether adrenal insufficiency contributes to mortality in this high risk group. Design: Adrenocortical function was assessed in 39 consecutive patients aged over 50 admitted to hospital with active pulmonary TB. Short Synacthen stimulation tests were performed before treatment and repeated at 2 months. In patients who died during treatment, a post-mortem examination was performed. Particular attention was paid to TB involvement of the adrenal glands. Results: None of the patients had a subnormal basal cortisol concentration before treatment. 7 (18%) had raised basal cortisol concentrations and 16 (41%) had suboptimal cortisol responses to Synacthen stimulation. 14 patients (36%) died during treatment. The basal cortisol concentrations were significantly higher in the non-survivors compared to the survivors (743.7 +/- 288.5 vs 460.5 +/- 123.2 nmol/L, P < 0.0001). Autopsies were performed in 9 patients who died during treatment. Tuberculous involvement of the adrenal glands was found in only 1 patient who had a high basal cortisol concentration. After 2 months of treatment, all patients had normal cortisol concentrations and only 4 had borderline suboptimal Synacthen responses. The basal cortisol concentrations were significantly higher at presentation compared to those at 2 months after treatment (570.4 +/- 243.8 vs 386.3 +/- 108.3 nmol/L, P = 0.0014). Conclusion: Adrenal insufficiency is uncommon in patients with pulmonary TB. Suboptimal cortisol responses to Synacthen usually reflect a hyperstimulated basal state secondary to stress. Treatment with anti-TB drugs causes reduction in basal cortisol with associated improvement in the Synacthen response.
著者CHAN CHS, ARNOLD M, MAK TWL, CHAN RCY, HOHEISEL GB, CHOW CC, COCKRAM C
期刊名稱TUBERCLE AND LUNG DISEASE
出版年份1993
月份12
日期1
卷號74
期次6
出版社CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE
頁次395 - 398
國際標準期刊號0962-8479
語言英式英語
Web of Science 學科類別Respiratory System

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