BRONCHOSCOPY AND TUBERCULOSTEARIC ACID ASSAY IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF SPUTUM SMEAR-NEGATIVE PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS - A PROSPECTIVE-STUDY WITH THE ADDITION OF TRANSBRONCHIAL BIOPSY
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AbstractA prospective study of the efficacy of bronchoscopy and tuberculostearic acid assay in the diagnosis of sputum smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) war carried out in 39 patients with symptoms and radiographic changes suggestive of active pulmonary TB. The diagnosis of TB was confirmed in 15 patients, probable TB was diagnosed in eight and 16 patients did not have TB. An early diagnosis of TB was made by bronchoscopy in six patients (40 per cent). Culture of sputum obtained before bronchoscopy was positive in nine patients (60 per cent) while combined with bronchoscopy specimens, a positive mycobacterial culture was obtained in 12 patients (80 per cent). Mycobacteria were cultured from transbronchial biopsy specimens from five patients (33 per cent) but none of these was exclusively positive. Histological examination of transbronchial biopsy tissue was diagnostic of TB in four patients and it was the exclusive means of early diagnosis in two. Transbronchial biopsy also provided an alternative diagnosis in four other patients. Tuberculostearic acid assay had a sensitivity of 0.40 in bronchial aspirate, 0.80 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and 0.27 in transbronchial biopsy specimens: the combined result was 0.87. In nine patients with pulmonary TB in whom an early diagnosis could not be made, the tuberculostearic acid assay was positive in seven (78 per cent). We conclude that bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage and transbronchial biopsy is helpful in providing early diagnosis and positive culture results. Assay of tuberculostearic acid in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid is a useful adjunct to early diagnosis. However, mycobacterial culture and assay of tuberculostearic acid in transbronchial biopsy specimens have little diagnostic value.
All Author(s) ListCHAN CHS, CHAN RCY, ARNOLD M, CHEUNG H, CHEUNG SW, CHENG AFB
Journal nameQJM-MONTHLY JOURNAL OF THE ASSOCIATION OF PHYSICIANS
Year1992
Month1
Day1
Volume Number82
Issue Number297
PublisherOXFORD UNIV PRESS UNITED KINGDOM
Pages15 - 23
ISSN0033-5622
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Web of Science Subject CategoriesGeneral & Internal Medicine; Medicine, General & Internal

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