What have we learnt from community-acquired infections in Hong Kong?
Publication in refereed journal


摘要This study was initiated throughout Hong Kong, to reveal the characteristics of community-acquired infections. All specimens collected by general practitioners from infected patients were followed prospectively, and those that were culture-positive were analysed. Four thousand seven hundred and forty-one specimens were collected from 3977 patients by 89 doctors from July 2000 to October 2001. The most common specimens were throat swabs (33%), urine (26%) and sputa (16%). The average culture-positive rate was 28%. The most common organisms were Escherichia coli (18%), beta-haemolytic streptococci (15%) and Staphylococcus aureus (12%). Fluoroquinolone resistance was relatively high (up to 35%) in organisms commonly causing urinary tract infection (E. coli, Proteus and Morganella). Although none of the pneumococci was resistant to penicillin 1 mg/L, the proportion with intermediate resistance (0.1-1 mg/L) was alarming (81%). There were three strains of methicillin-resistant S. aureus. A decrease in ampicillin resistance but a high prevalence of macrolide resistance were noted in Haemophilus influenzae. All Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates were resistant to penicillin, up to 79% to the fluoroquinolones, 15% to spectinomycin, but all were susceptible to ceftriaxone. Respiratory pathogens (Streptococcus pneumoniae, P-haemolytic streptococci and H. influenzae) were relatively susceptible to the newer fluoroquinolones (0-2%, 0.5-6% and 2% resistant, respectively) or third-generation cephalosporins (0-2% resistant). The distribution of organisms and their antibiotic resistance varied over time. Thus frequent surveillance is needed to provide information on the drugs of choice for different infections.
著者Ling JM, Lam AW, Chan EW, Cheng AE
期刊名稱Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
頁次895 - 904
關鍵詞antimicrobial susceptibilities; community-acquired infections
Web of Science 學科類別Infectious Diseases; INFECTIOUS DISEASES; Microbiology; MICROBIOLOGY; Pharmacology & Pharmacy; PHARMACOLOGY & PHARMACY

上次更新時間 2021-17-01 於 00:02