Factors associated with viral breakthrough in lamivudine monoprophylaxis of hepatitis B virus recurrence after liver transplantation
Publication in refereed journal


Times Cited
Web of Science81WOS source URL (as at 22/11/2020) Click here for the latest count
Altmetrics Information
.

Other information
AbstractThis study aimed to investigate the factors associated with viral breakthrough among liver transplant recipients who receive lamivudine monoprophylaxis. Consecutive patients receiving liver transplantation for HBV-related liver disease from June 1999 to October 2000 were studied. All patients received lamivudine 100 mg daily pre- and post-transplant. Serum samples were collected before lamivudine treatment, before liver transplantation, and then every 36 months after liver transplantation. Lamivudine-resistant mutations at the YMDD motif of HBV P gene were detected by direct sequencing and HBV DNA was quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Ten patients, 7 males and 3 females, aged 50.5 +/- 7.9 years, were studied. Three patients had fulminant hepatitis and 7 patients had end-stage cirrhosis before liver transplantation. Lamivudine was started at 4.5 (range 0-40) weeks before liver transplantation. The median post-transplant follow-up was 16 (range 12-23) months. Four patients developed YMDD mutations 10.5 (0-16) months after transplantation with relapse of viraemia (median 1,294, range 51-3,135 MEq/ml). All patients who developed YMDD mutants had end-stage liver cirrhosis, and HBV DNA were detectable on the day of liver transplantation (median 0.62, range 0.086-1.63 MEq/ml). On the contrary, all 3 patients transplanted for fulminant hepatitis did not have YMDD mutation. Among the 3 end-stage cirrhotic patients who had negative HBV DNA before liver transplantation, none developed YMDD mutation. In conclusion, patients transplanted for fulminant hepatitis B and cirrhotic patients in whom HBV DNA could be rendered PCR negative before liver transplantation are unlikely to develop YMDD mutation on lamivudine monoprophylaxis. (C) 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
All Author(s) ListChan HLY, Chui AKK, Lau WY, Chan FKL, Wong ML, Tse CH, Rao ARN, Wong J, Sung JJY
Journal nameJournal of Medical Virology
Year2002
Month10
Day1
Volume Number68
Issue Number2
PublisherWILEY-LISS
Pages182 - 187
ISSN0146-6615
eISSN1096-9071
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordsliver transplantation; polymerase chain reaction; YMDD mutant
Web of Science Subject CategoriesVirology; VIROLOGY

Last updated on 2020-23-11 at 00:17