Accumulation and apparent oxidation of cis,trans-18 : 2 isomers relative to linoleic acid in rats
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AbstractDietary cis,trans-18 : 2 isomers impair desaturation and elongation of linoleic acid (Delta 9cis,12cis-18 : 2), but little is known of their proportional partitioning between accumulation and oxidation. The present study was therefore designed to assess the accumulation and apparent oxidation of cis,trans-18 : 2 isomers compared with that of trans-18 : 1 isomers and Delta 9cis,12cis-18 : 2 in rats. Accumulation is defined as whole-body increase in a fatty acid during a given period (i.e. final body content-initial body content). The apparent oxidation (disappearance) is defined as whole-body utilization of a fatty acid relative to its intake for a given period (intake-excretion-accumulation-longer-chain products)/intakex100). The animals were fed on a diet containing 15 % (w/w) partially hydrogenated rapeseed oil with 1.72 % energy as cis,trans-18 : 2 isomers and varying amounts of Delta 9cis,12cis-18 : 2. The apparent oxidation of total cis,trans-18 : 2 isomers (72-76 % dietary intake) was greater than that of Delta 9cis,12cis-18 : 2 (38-51 % dietary intake) but it was similar to that of total trans-18 : 1 isomers (78-82 % dietary intake). Among the four isomers, the apparent oxidation of Delta 9trans,12trans-18 : 2 was greater than that of the other isomers including Delta 9trans,12cis-18 : 2, Delta 9cis,12trans-18 : 2 and Delta 9cis,13trans-18 : 2. Accumulation of Delta 5cis,8cis,11cis,15trans-20 : 4 and Delta 5cis,8cis,11cis,14trans-20 : 4 derived from chain-elongation and desaturation of Delta 9cis,13trans-18 : 2 and Delta 9cis,12trans-18 : 2 was decreased when the dietary Delta 9cis,12cis-18 : 2 supply was increased.
All Author(s) ListChen ZY, Kwan KY, Huang Y
Journal nameBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume Number86
Issue Number2
Pages249 - 255
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordscis,trans-18 : 2 isomers; linoleic acid; oxidation; partially hydrogenated rapeseed oil; trans-fatty acids; trans-linoleic acids
Web of Science Subject CategoriesNutrition & Dietetics; NUTRITION & DIETETICS

Last updated on 2021-10-05 at 02:01