Heparan sulfate proteoglycan expression in the optic chiasm of mouse embryos
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AbstractPrevious studies have demonstrated that heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycans (PGs) regulate neurite outgrowth through binding to a variety of cell surface molecules, extracellular matrix proteins, and growth factors. The present study investigated the possible involvement of HS-PGs in retinal axon growth by examining its expression in the retinofugal pathway of mouse embryos by using a monoclonal antibody against the HS epitope. Immunoreactive HS was first detected in all regions of the retina at embryonic day (E) 11. The staining was gradually lost in the central regions and restricted to the retinal periphery at later developmental stages (E12-E16). Prominent staining for HS was consistently found in the retinal fiber layer and at the optic disk, indicating a possible supportive role of HS-PGs in axon growth in the retina. At the ventral diencephalon, immunostaining for HS was first detected at E12, before arrival of any retinal axons. The staining matched closely the neurons that are immunopositive for the stage-specific embryonic antigen 1 (SSEA-1). At E13 to E16, when axons are actively exploring their paths across the chiasm, immunoreactivity for HS was particularly intense at the midline. This characteristic expression pattern suggests a role for HS-PGs in defining the path of early axons in the chiasm and in regulating development of axon divergence at the midline. Furthermore, HS immunoreactivity is substantially reduced at regions flanking both sides of the midline, which coincides spatially to the position of actin-rich growth cones from subpial surface to the deep regions of the optic axon layer at the chiasm. Moreover, at the threshold of the optic tract, immunoreactive HS was localized to deep parts of the fiber layer. These findings indicate that changes in age-related fiber order in the optic chiasm and optic tract of mouse embryos are possibly regulated by a spatially restricted expression of HS-PGs. J. Comp. Neurol. 436:236-247, 2001. (C) zool Wiley-Liss, Inc.
All Author(s) ListChung KY, Leung KM, Lin L, Chan SO
Journal nameJournal of Comparative Neurology
Volume Number436
Issue Number2
Pages236 - 247
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordsaxon guidance; DiI; glycosaminoglycan; midline; retina; retinotopic order
Web of Science Subject CategoriesNeurosciences; NEUROSCIENCES; Neurosciences & Neurology; Zoology; ZOOLOGY

Last updated on 2020-29-06 at 02:25