Themes for mushroom exploitation in the 21st century: Sustainability, waste management, and conservation
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AbstractBecause many natural resources are limited, sustainability becomes an important concept in maintaining the human population, health, and environment. Mushrooms are a group of saprotrophic fungi. Mushroom cultivation is a direct utilization of their ecological role in the bioconversion of solid wastes generated from industry and agriculture into edible biomass, which could also be regarded as a functional flood or as a source of drugs and pharmaceuticals. To make the mushroom cultivation an environmentally friendly industry, the basic biology of mushrooms and the cultivation technology must be researched and developed. This is very true for Lentinula edodes, Volvariella volvacea, and Ganoderma lucidum, which are commonly consumed in Asian communities but are now gaining popularity worldwide. Besides the conventional method, strain improvement can also be exploited by protoplast fusion and transformation. Biodiversity is the key contribution fro the genetic resource for breeding programs to fulfill different consumer demands. The conservation of these mushrooms becomes essential and is in immediate need not only because of the massive habitat loss as a result of human inhabitation and deforestation, but also because of the introduced competition by a cultivar with the wild germ plasm, Spent mushroom compost, a bulky solid waste generated from the mushroom industry, however, can be exploited as a soil fertilizer and as a prospective bioremediating agent.
All Author(s) ListChiu SW, Law SC, Ching ML, Cheung KW, Chen MJ
Journal nameJournal of General and Applied Microbiology
Volume Number46
Issue Number6
Pages269 - 282
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordsbioconversion; conservation; exploitation; mushroom; spent compost; sustainability
Web of Science Subject CategoriesBiotechnology & Applied Microbiology; BIOTECHNOLOGY & APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY; Microbiology; MICROBIOLOGY

Last updated on 2021-26-02 at 01:49