To work or to continue to higher education? The choice of senior secondary students in Shenzhen, China
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AbstractIn the planning and development of higher education, it is necessary to understand the major factors affecting senior secondary students' decisions on whether to continue to higher education or to enter into labor force. This is particularly important in countries shifting from a centrally-planned economy to a market-oriented economy where individuals are allowed free choice. This study in 1997 surveyed the educational intentions of 1,513 senior secondary students in Shenzhen, the first and largest Special Economic Zone (SEZ) in China which has adopted a market-oriented economy and an open door policy for the last two decades. Ninety percent of students in the study opted to continue into higher education on completion of senior secondary education. They expected a much higher rate of return to higher education than the remaining ten percent of students who opted to work after completing senior secondary education. The analysis of logistic regression used in this study reveals that students' expected rate of return to higher education has a positive and significant effect on their intention to pursue higher education, after controlling for the effects of the students' gender, family background and ability. It is evident that students in this study acted in accordance with predictions in the human capital theory in making their choice of higher education or work in the market-oriented economy sector of China. This pattern of educational choice has important bearing on the development of higher education in developing countries.
All Author(s) ListHung FS, Chung YP, Ho ESC
Name of ConferenceInternational-Education-Society Annual Conference of the Comparative
Start Date of Conference19/03/1998
End Date of Conference22/03/1998
Place of ConferenceBUFFALO
Journal nameHigher Education
Volume Number39
Issue Number4
Pages455 - 467
LanguagesEnglish-United Kingdom
Keywordschoice of study in higher education; education and development in South China; educational intention of senior secondary students; expected rate of return to higher education; planning and development of higher education in developing countries; Shenzhen as a Special Economic Zone in China
Web of Science Subject CategoriesEducation & Educational Research; EDUCATION & EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH

Last updated on 2020-12-09 at 00:51