Apoptosis and Bcl-2 oncoprotein expression in the human fetal central nervous system
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摘要Apoptosis and the apoptosis-regulatory gene bcl-2 have been suggested from animal studies to be important during the development of the central nervous system (CNS), but information on apoptotic activities of the developing human CNS has been scarce. To establish spatial and temporal distributions of apoptotic cells and Bcl-2 oncoprotein expression, we examined sections taken fi om cerebral cortex, hippocampus and brainstem at weeks 14, 18, 27, and 32 of gestation. Terminal transferase-mediated nick end labelling (TUNEL), histological analyses, and immunocytochemical staining using monoclonal antibodies were employed. Except for layer I of the motor cortex and the molecular layer of the hippocampus, both at week 14 of gestation, TUNEL-positive cells with typical apoptotic appearance and apoptotic indices, ranging from 0.08 to 2.85, were found in all other brain regions examined including visual, sensory, frontal and motor cortices, hippocampus, dorsal raphe, locus coeruleus, and periaqueductal grey of the brainstem. No specific spatial or temporal distribution patterns of apoptotic cells were found in the cortices. However, the apoptotic index of the molecular layer of the hippocampus increased with the gestation age. The periaqueductal grey of the brainstem showed high apoptotic indices (ranging from 0.37 to 2.85) at all the gestation ages studied. An inverse correlation between apoptosis and Bcl-2 oncoprotein expression was found in visual, sensory and motor cortices but not in the frontal cortex and hippocampus. Apoptosis and Bcl-2 oncoproteins are important for CNS development and, apart from being an apoptosis regulator, Bcl-2 oncoproteins may also have other roles to play during neural development. Anat. Rec. 252:165-175, 1998. (C) 1998 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
著者Chan WY, Yew DT
期刊名稱Anatomical Record
出版年份1998
月份10
日期1
卷號252
期次2
出版社WILEY-LISS
頁次165 - 175
國際標準期刊號0003-276X
語言英式英語
關鍵詞apoptosis; Bcl-2 oncoprotein; brainstem nuclei; cerebral cortex; hippocampus; human development; immunocytochemical staining; TUNEL
Web of Science 學科類別Anatomy & Morphology

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